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Tecnologie e Società
40


GNU/Linux – Milestone on the Way to the GPL Society
Stefan Merten

In the preindustrial agrarian societies subsistence production of goods for immediate living needs was the crucial constant. In industrial society, this agrarian-social constant was replaced by more general material production of commodities, and the production of goods for immediate needs became increasingly just an appendage of industrial production. The entire society was so crucially shaped by this change in the mode of production that we must speak of it as a change in historical epoch. In the GPL, or information, Society, the production of goods becomes in turn the bare appendage of the production of information. Society would thus be determined by the principles of the production of information – whose first example is GNU/Linux. Such a change would indeed be a new change of epoch of truly historical dimensions.


 

Art, Multiplicity and Awareness
Pier Luigi Capucci

What is often exhibited is not only – and sometimes not at all – the artwork itself, but the communication it evocates and which it is evocated from. We could say that, at least from the rising of the avantgardes in the second half of the 19th Century, the artworld has always worked in such a way. In the end, what are art critics and historians, museums and galleries, press offices, collectionists, amateurs, art events and exhibitions, art magazines, art merchants, academies and universities, if not also a wide, complex and articulated communication system which presents, contextualizes, promotes and possibly sells the artworks?


 

Operational Media
Jordan Crandall

Over the past several decades in computationally-driven cultures, we have witnessed the emergence of increasingly networked and automated apparatuses of engagement that are used for security, combat and navigation. These are strategic applications that facilitate distributed fields of intelligence and agency. We might recognize them at work when we see calculations and computer graphical overlays on screen-based representations of events, or luminous portable information scrims that hover between viewer and world. Integrated into all manner of strategic informational displays [...] these media have in turn been integrated into a contemporary regime of spectacle.


 

Can We Build a Wireless Communications Infrastructure That Values Everyone’s Right to Communicate?
Vikki Cravens, Dharma Dailey, Antwuan Wallace

Our thesis is that if it were possible for the public to directly access the airwaves, without having to negotiate with an intermediary – the FCC or one of it’s sanctioned industry kingpins – then perhaps it would be possible to expand vital community media services to all communities. It may even be possible for community-based communications providers, and home-grown communications tools built in-house by organizations who need them, to grow and thrive on an as-needed basis. We believe that current and future technological advances will make this scenario increasingly possible and economically feasible.


 

Signals, statistics & social experiments:
The governance conflicts of electronic media art

Brian Holmes

However [...] one could ask about the specific kinds of games that we have begun to play today, in the age of the so-called new media. For our embrace, as a population, of miniaturized, networked electronic devices, has made us into avid producers of signals, emanating from all aspects of our psychic, sexual, professional, political and affective lives. These signals of belief and desire are eminently susceptible to interception, storage in databases, and transformation into statistics, which can be used as guidelines for the informed manipulation of our environment, and thus of our behavior. It then becomes important to know what kinds of social experiments we might be part of.



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