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Tecnologie e Società
23


Etica hacker
Claudio Parrini, Ferry Byte, Mirella Castigli

Il sapere di cui stiamo parlando difficilmente si pone il problema di essere conservato, visto la sua continua mutazione, l'andamento fluido e immediato. Il know-how, pur rivestendo un ruolo centrale, necessita di aggiornamenti e riadeguamenti continui, perché tende per sua natura ad invecchiare subito; le tecnologie di rete, tra novità e sperimentazione, mutano velocemente, di conseguenza anche le competenze per usarle, testarle, ripararle e modificarle. Occorre rivedere di continuo i profili professionali individuali, e spesso la scuola pubblica e la formazione in generale sono carenti e anacronistiche nell'offrire la preparazione adeguata.


 

Sign of the net.art times
Are Flagan

The popular new media concept of transcoding does indeed speak of a limitless and highly effective translatability. Coupled with the associated premise of numerical representation, it proposes that the application of protocols to numbers has conjured up a science that programs closure into every transaction, every translation, and every transposition of what presents itself, in each transmuted instance, as the transcendental identity of the signifier/signified. There is an unprecedented equivocality at play here, one that operates in the dark passages of hardware and comes to light through software, and which is consequently instrumental in separating itself (and its objects) from the elucidating passage of the signifying operations.


 

Free Bandwidth
Jesse Hirsh

We recognize that the public uses the Internet, but is the Internet in anyway public? Do we and can we recognize that communication is also a right? If we want to have a social good or public interest in our network society, than we need the Internet to be "public", in the same way we think of the airwaves as being in the public domain and subject to regulation. In order for the Internet to be public, bandwidth must be free. Free as in subsidized. Costs still exist, and its important to account for these costs, but its also crucial to create an environment in which the public (interest) can exist, let alone flourish. We talk about the erosion of sovereignty and the encroachment of culture, but what are we doing about it? Creating a public Internet (itself an extension of public space) by subsidizing broadband connections is one step in that direction.


 

Sculptural Form in Net.Art
Jorn Ebner

Existence has sculptural form, because it is executed in a spatial environment. The placement of urban or rural features; of objects in a household; of furniture in a hotel room: they constitute sculptural arrangements. LIFE, when lived with a minimum of self-reflection, is formed in ways similar to an artefact. Art, on the other hand, can become an operational tool for existence similar to a household object: by being less of a representational device but more of a tool for self-reflection. As soon as art assumes such a condition, it assumes material, sculptural quality. Net.art, by assuming a conceptualizingly spatial role that operates as a reflection tool for one's existence, could then contribute to a physical alteration in the experience of space.


 

Commodifying Usenet and the Usenet Archive or Continuing the Online Cooperative Usenet Culture?
Ronda Hauben

This article explores the conflict between the cooperative online culture of users who have created Usenet and the corporate commodification of Usenet posts by companies archiving the posts. The clash of decision-making processes is presented through the details of how Usenet users choose to petition a company to provide protection for the public archives it had collected. The company disregarded the petition and the archives were sold to another company. The new company has begun to put its own copyright symbol on the posts in its archives. How will such a commodification affect the cooperative nature of Usenet itself and the continuing vitality of Usenet's cooperative culture? The article explores this culture clash and considers possible consequences.



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